الرئيسية » أخبار رئيسية » الأمم المتحدة: 60 مليون لاجىء في العالم في 2014
الأمم المتحدة
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الأمم المتحدة: 60 مليون لاجىء في العالم في 2014

أعلنت المفوضية العليا لشئون اللاجئين التابعة للامم المتحدة اليوم أن عدد النازحين واللاجئين على إثر مختلف النزاعات في العالم سجل مستوى قياسيا قدره 60 مليونا عام 2014 اكثر من نصفهم من الأطفال.
وأشارت المفوضية في تقريرها السنوي الى زيادة “مذهلة” في عدد الأشخاص الذين أرغموا على الفرار حيث وصل الى 59.5 مليون نازح ولاجئ في نهاية 2014 مقابل 51,2 مليون في العام السابق.
وأضافت أن الزيادة في أعداد اللاجئين والنازحين منذ 2013 هي الأعلى التي تحدث في عام واحد. وفي عام 2014، أصبح 42,500 شخص يوميا سواء من اللاجئين أو النازحين أو طالبي اللجوء، كما جاء في التقرير.
وأقر المفوض الأعلى للاجئين أنطونيو جوتيريس في تصريحات صحفية بعدم قدرة المفوضية على إعادة لم الشمل مشيرا إلى عجز الوكالات الإنسانية.
وقال “ليست لدينا الإمكانيات والموارد لمساعدة جميع ضحايا النزاعات.” ونبه جوتيريس إلى انه يتوقع أن يبلغ عدد النازحين واللاجئين ذروته في نهاية العام الحالي.
وسجل هذا الارتفاع الكبير منذ 2011 مع اندلاع النزاع السوري الذي بات يتسبب في أكبر عملية تهجير ونزوح للسكان في العالم .وأحصت المفوضية العليا للاجئين في السنوات الخمس الأخيرة اندلاع أو معاودة 14 نزاعا على الأقل وهي ثلاثة في الشرق الأوسط (سوريا والعراق واليمن) وثمانية في إفريقيا (ليبيا ومالي وجنوب السودان وشمال نيجيريا وساحل العاج وجمهورية إفريقيا الوسطى وجمهورية الكونغو الديمقراطية إضافة إلى بوروندي هذه العام) وواحد في أوروبا (أوكرانيا)، وثلاثة في آسيا (قرغيزستان وعدد من مناطق في بورما وباكستان)، وفي عام 2014 وحده، تمكن 126800 لاجئ فقط من العودة إلى مناطقهم، وهو أدنى عدد خلال 31 عاما حسبما ذكر التقرير.

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