الرئيسية » أهم الأخبار » 3علماء يتقاسمون “نوبل للفيزياء” 2014
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3علماء يتقاسمون “نوبل للفيزياء” 2014

أعلنت الأكاديمية الملكية السويدية للعلوم في ستوكهولم، اليوم الثلاثاء، فوز اليابانيين إيسامو أكازاكي، وهيروشي أمانو، والأمريكي الياباني شوبي ناكامورا بجائزة نوبل للفيزياء لعام 2014.

وأوضحت الأكاديمية أن العلماء الثلاثة استحقوا الجائزة لتطويرهم صمامات ثنائية باعثة للضوء الأزرق تتمتع بالكفاءة، والتي تتيح مصادر ضوء ساطعة وموفرة للطاقة.
وسيقتسم العلماء الثلاثة بالتساوي قيمة الجائزة التي تقدر بـ880 ألف يورو (8 ملايين كرونة سويدي).
جدير بالذكر أنه أقيم  أوّل احتفال لتقديم جائزة نوبل في الآداب، والفيزياء، الكيمياء، والطب في الأكاديمية الملكية الموسيقية في مدينة ستوكهولم السويدية سنة 1901.
وابتداءً من سنة 1902، قام الملك بنفسه بتسليم جائزة نوبل للأشخاص الحائزين عليها، وتردّد الملك “أوسكار” الثاني، ملك السويد في بداية الأمر في تسليم جائزة وطنية لغير السويديين، ولكنه تقبّل الوضع فيما بعد لإدراكه لكمية الدعاية العالمية التي ستجنيها السويد.
وتُسلّم جوائز نوبل في احتفال رسمي في العاشر من ديسمبر من كل عام،  على أن تُعلن أسماء الفائزين في شهر أكتوبر من العام نفسه من قِبل اللجان المختلفة والمعنية في تحديد الفائزين لجائزة نوبل، ويرجع تحديد يوم العاشر من ديسمبر لتسليم جائزة نوبل، تخليداً لذكرى وفاة الصناعي السويدي، صاحب جائزة نوبل.
وتسلم جائزة نوبل للسلام في مدينة أوسلو بينما تسلم الجوائز الأخرى من قبل ملك السويد في مدينة ستوكهولم.

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